Category Archives: Victim Support



Internet Fraud Crimes

In general, online fraud is the same as that committed by any other means, although the possibility of extending this crime to more people means that there is a better chance of finding victims that are suitable for criminals crime.

The crime of computer fraud in the penal code
Article 248.2 of the Constitution states that:

Also considered to be convicts of fraud:

The figure of Phising or fishing on the Internet

A) Those who, for the sake of profit and using any computer manipulation or similar artifice, obtain a non-consensual transfer of any assets to the detriment of another.

The use of Trojans and worms to detect passwords

B) Those who manufacture, introduce, possess or provide software specifically designed for the commission of the scams provided for in this article.

Theft of credit or debit cards and other forms of payment

C) Those who using credit or debit cards, or traveler’s checks, or data working in any of them, carry out operations of any kind to the detriment of its owner or a third party.

The most common internet scams

Usually the victim of the scam is that person who in good faith pays the amount requested, either in the purchase of a product at a very low price or even if it is not the product does not exist or by a provision of service that does not Is done via the Internet.

The most common scams, according to the statistics of the State Attorney General and the State Security

Forces and Corps are:

  • Attempting to buy objects too cheap.
  • The offer of well-paid jobs, interested in an amount for the discharge in Social Security or any other body that replaces him in the corresponding country, generally European country.
  • The offer of low interest loans, by supposed financial institutions, requesting an initial amount for the processing of the loan.
  • The offer of an inheritance of a family member in Europe, which does not exist, for which a letter is sent previously, and it is pointed out that in return for a small amount will be left with the inheritance, usually one of the authors or accomplices is in Known financial institution.
  • Phising or victim fishing, usually through a simulation of the portal of a financial institution, are requested the passwords of the accounts, for various reasons, that can mislead the victim of the scam.
  • Victims of fraud brokering, known as “muleteers”, in which someone tells you that you can not receive money in an account in a foreign country and that in exchange for a commission or percentage enable one account and transfer the rest to another Account, evidently money coming from scams previously obtained from other victims.
  • False winning lottery coupons.
  • Scams in rentals of housing or any other property that is subsequently checked or that do not exist or are of other characteristics than advertised.

What actions should the victim of the scam carry out?
The victim of a scam the first thing to do is to try to obtain prior to the denunciation proof of it, depending on the circumstances, it may be necessary that a record be taken by a Notary of the computer screen or electronic component where You see the action that has given rise to the scam.

Secondly, it will have and must report the facts of which it has been victim, trying to give the maximum possible details and providing the evidence with which it counts so that either the Forces and Security Corps or the corresponding Court or Prosecutor Carry out the necessary investigations for the determination of the author or authors of the scam.

It is also important that the victim can follow the entire judicial process against the perpetrator or perpetrators of the punishable act, for which they will have to appear in the case with a lawyer so that on their behalf may interest the evidence that it deems appropriate and propose in the brief Accusation and civil liability that they deem pertinent.